CTR is one of the key indicators of push notifications effectiveness, and its improvement is challenge #1 for many marketers.
Pushwoosh Team has collected the clients' most burning questions and come up with answers to them.
Keep reading to learn:
- The formula for calculating CTR
- Six factors that influence your push notifications’ click-through rates
- [Benchmarks 2023] Median push notification CTRs across the industries
- Six proven methods that can improve your CTRs
- How to maximize your metrics with A/B testing
How to calculate push notifications CTR
This is how we measure push notification click-through rates in Pushwoosh: we divide the number of users who opened a single push by the number of those who [potentially] received a push.
This is the CTR calculation formula we started using in our dashboard in July 2021 — you can read more detail in a dedicated blog post.
Be aware of the different CTR calculation methods that push notification providers use.
If you wish to compare effectiveness of sending pushes via different platforms, make sure they calculate CTR in the same way.
FAQ on push notifications CTR
Here are the three most popular questions that Pushwoosh users ask on CTR:
- Is it okay that my mobile push notifications CTR is higher than that on the web?
- Yes. In most cases, mobile push notifications show higher click-through rates.
The reason is, browsers are placing more and more restrictions on web push notifications, which decreases their deliverability.
Mobile pushes and mobile apps, in general, have a higher potential in terms of communication. So we recommend our clients leverage mobile platforms to improve their marketing efficiency.
- What’s the average CTR for companies in my industry?
That’s a complex question as CTR depends on five more aspects apart from the industry. Let’s dwell on all the factors:
Six factors that influence your push notifications CTR
Your push notifications CTR depends on:
- your industry;
- the time and day of the week when a push is sent;
- your platform;
- average engagement in your app;
- the segment you’re sending a push to;
- the content you’re delivering in a notification.
Note that these factors are interconnected:
◐ E-commerce apps typically have higher CTR than media & publishing apps. However, it’s mostly due to the fact that they use more advanced segmentation. Each user segment receives more personalized content and clicks on it more willingly.
◑ In addition, e-commerce apps are more focused on growing metrics like GMV and revenue, so they plan their push notification campaigns in advance. Media apps don’t have such an opportunity; their goal is to deliver news as soon as it hits the headlines. Media apps can choose neither a day nor an hour to send their pushes, especially as they need to deliver 20–30 notifications daily.
◒ There is also an interconnection between platforms and segments. Android has a much smaller coverage in the USA than in Europe. However, opt-in rates and CTRs on Android are usually higher than those on iOS. Keep in mind these particularities when analyzing your push notification campaign performance in different regions.
Industry benchmarks: compare your push notification CTR against the medians
Here are the media push notifications click-through rates Pushwoosh Team has identified for various industries:
The lowest median push notification CTRs: finance, game, and media / entertainment apps
Oftentimes, media apps are more focused on producing content rather than presenting and distributing them with particular messages. Nevertheless, entertainment content can still receive as many clicks as breaking news or updates from banking and insurance apps.
Here is how media apps can improve their push notifications CTR:
- Work on their push titles and subtitles;
- Use more detailed audience segmentation;
- Target their notifications based on user preferences and content consumption history.
These improvements can increase push notifications CTR by 40% and even 50%, as Pushwoosh clients’ experience shows.
The highest CTRs: banking, business, and insurance apps’ pushes
How do leading apps achieve high push notifications CTRs? They apply:
- Segmentation: demographic- and behavior-based.
Successful push notification senders analyze users’ past activity and track the events they fire in the app in real time.
- Profound personalization.
Apps with high push notification CTRs use dynamic content to personalize every element of their pushes: titles, subtitles, icons, sounds, send time, and root params (accessible from the platform-specific push settings).
6 tried-and-true ways to get higher push notifications CTR
Here are the most effective hacks that can improve CTRs of your pushes:
1. Emojis: boost your pushes CTR by up to 40%
We can share a recent case of a Pushwoosh client, a media app. They came with a typical problem for their industry, as you can judge by the benchmarks above: they wished to improve their push notifications CTR.
We suggested they conduct an A/B test: add emojis to their pushes’ subtitles and send such augmented notifications to a part of their subscribers. Another segment would receive their messages without emojis.
The experiment lasted three days, and it showed a 15% higher CTR for the push notifications with emojis.
Our e-commerce clients gain even better results from using emojis. They bring an up to 40% increase in push notifications CTR.
2. Dynamic content
Modify your push notification content with corresponding Tag values collected from users.
You can address your customers by their names and refer to any of their preferences in the message. Set Tags based on user behavior, and you will send relevant communications to every single user, how cool is that?
3. Custom sound
Add a custom sound to your push notifications. Users will hear it when they receive a push on their device.
A sports app can shout a goal, and an entertainment/streaming app can play a tune from their users’ favorite movies.
In fact, any unusual sound can drive extra user attention to your notifications.
The more targeted your messages are, the higher CTR you’ll get.
Define the main audience segments for your application and create different messages for each of them. Different people treat the same news differently. You may create them with the help of our state-of-art segment builder.
Read more about how to get started with customer segmentation — and win
5. Timing and frequency
- What is the best time to send push notifications if you want to achieve higher CTRs?
For maximum CTRs, we recommend you use our newest 'Optimal time to send' feature. Its intelligent algorithm determines the best moment to send a push notification to each user individually based on their activity.
- How many push notifications should an app send to maximize its CTR?
The perfect frequency of push notifications varies from industry to industry. Ideally, you should dive into your app statistics to determine the right frequency.
In our experience,
🛒 E-commerce apps send 12 pushes per week, targeting their active users or those who haven’t opened the app for the last 7 days.
This number doesn’t include transactional messages (such as order status updates) — only promotional pushes.
🏋️ Fitness apps send even fewer notifications: 10 pushes per week.
▶️ As for media apps, their usual frequency varies. Some of the Pushwoosh clients send 30 notifications per day and receive 3–4% CTRs. Others deliver 30 pushes per week and get comparable CTRs.
So for publishers, the perfect frequency of push notifications depends on the type of media, their audience, and the segmentation and personalization options they use.
📷 Subscription-based or product apps tend to send 10 pushes per week.
🎮 Gaming apps distribute 30 notifications during the first seven days after the app installment. This is how they onboard players to the game, and it works perfectly for their users.
6. A/B testing
In Pushwoosh, we see A/B testing as a go-to method for growing any marketing metric, including push notifications CTR.
You can A/B test any element of your push and every condition of your marketing communication: audience segments, send time, geo, the language used in the copy, and now even entire push notification sequences.
Let’s dwell on how you can A/B test your pushes and get higher CTRs.
How to achieve maximum push notification CTRs with A/B testing
Here is the general framework for A/B testing your pushes:
A/B test multistage push notification scenarios
Pushwoosh Customer Journey Builder is a tool that automates marketing communication workflows. You might have made use of it in your triggered and broadcast messaging, user onboarding flows, and engagement campaigns.
Now you can do A/B testing in Pushwoosh Customer Journey Builder too!
Streamline simple experiments and see the results right in the tool
Doing simple A/B tests is even easier in such a visual tool as Customer Journey Builder.
Statistics are delivered directly to the interface. This is very convenient for quick analysis and saves you another extra minute.
A/B test your event-triggered push notifications
You can conduct an experiment within a particular segment.
Say, you have an e-commerce app. Set a Product Add event as a starting point of your communication journey and check what type of content works best for this type of customers.A/B test triggered pushes
Apply more complex segmentation to your A/B testing
Start with a preset audience segment — in the example, it’s called “For A/B Testing”. Divide the audience into two parts: one will receive your communications straightaway, and another one will have to trigger an event (Checkout Success) to get the same notification. If they don’t fire the event, they will see a different type of message.
Will segmentation improve your results? That’s the question you want to answer with A/B testing.
Compare push notifications CTR at different times of the day
When is your audience more open to communication?
Learn it with the Wait Until feature. Let a part of your users receive notifications in the morning (10 a.m. in our example) and another part — in the evening (8 p.m.).
Will CTRs differ?
Customer Journey Builder will provide clear visibility on how your messages perform under various conditions.
Run a controlled experiment on a smaller part of your audience
Have you come up with an idea that appears a bit risky?
Split the audience unequally: test a new set of messages on just 5% of your audience — or whatever number you feel like. Compare CTR in this smaller group to that in the rest of your user base.
Well, is it worth scaling your idea to the entire audience?
Test several communication channels against one
Cross-channel vs. single-channel: which approach works best for your audience?
A/B test your hypothesis inside your Customer Journey. Let one part of the audience receive push notifications and send an in-app message to another part of your users first. Then, you will follow them up with a push. Will it be more effective for increasing your notifications CTR?
Hold multistage A/B tests during your Customer Journey
You can break down your audience into A/B groups several times.
For example, you can split that larger group (95% of users in our example) and test different content in your pushes.
If you wish to get more insight into your user behavior, you can set some extra event-triggered parameters and divide your subscribers into groups again and again and again.
A/B testing will be done at each step, meaning you will get the results at every branch of your journey and every criterium tested.
This way, you will be able to adapt your communication strategy to your user preferences and improve your CTRs.
Take your push notification campaigns to the next level. Adopt the tools needed for maximum effectiveness. Explore how Pushwoosh can help on a personal call with our expert team.